Breast Cancer

Your Risk Report|Self Breast - Examination

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Myth – Cancer happens to others.
Truth - Cancer does not always happen to others.

Myth – Cancer is a death sentence.
Truth - Cancer is a word not a death sentence, if detected early, can be cured.Hand

 

According to the World Health Organization, more than 1.2 million people will be diagnosed with breast cancer each year worldwide. The "American Cancer Society" estimates that 178,480 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in 2007. Breast cancer death rates have been dropping steadily since 1990, according to the Society, because of earlier detection and better treatments. About 40,910 breast cancer deaths are expected in 2007. The chance that breast cancer will be responsible for a woman's death is about 1 in 33 (3%). The incidence rate of breast cancer (number of new breast cancers per 100,000 women) increased by approximately 4% during the 1980s but leveled off to 100.6 cases per 100,000 women in the 1990s. The death rates from breast cancer also declined significantly between 1992 and 1996, with the largest decreases among younger women. Medical experts attribute the decline in breast cancer deaths to earlier detection and more effective treatments.

Breast Cancer In India

  • Breast cancer has practically replaced cancer of the cervix as the leading site of cancer in all urban registeries.
  • As of today,1 in every 22 women in india in their lifetime is expected to be diagnosed with breast cancer.
  • More than 92% of breast cancers are diagnosed at stage II or later.
  • 1out of every 2 women diagnosed with breast cancer does not survive the disease; mostly due to late stage diagnosis.
  • According to a study by international agency for research on cancer (IARC) a branch of  WHO, there will be approximately 250,000 new cases of breast cancer in india by 2015.
  • In 2008,Dr.Umberto Veronesi, the father of modern breast cancer iniative in delhi stating that breast cancer will become an epidemic in India in another 10 years.The first priority in the campaign against breast cancer will become an epidemic in india is early detection, which is fundamental.It makes the difference between life and death," Veronesi said in an interview.Worried about Breast Cancer?

According to the National Cancer Institute, "there will be an estimated 178,480 females diagnosed with breast cancer this year in the United States. During 2007, 40,460 females will die of the disease". It is the most common non-skin cancer and second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women. Right now there are slightly over 2 million women living in the United States who have been treated for breast cancer. The chance of a woman having invasive breast cancer some time during her life is about 1 in 8. The chance of dying from breast cancer is about 1 in 33. Breast cancer death rates are going down. This decline is probably the result of finding the cancer earlier and improved treatment.

PREVENTION
A woman’s breast is made up of glands that make breast milk (lobules), ducts (small tubes that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple), fatty and connective tissue, blood vessels, and lymph (pronounced limf) vessels. Most breast cancers begin in the cells that line the ducts (ductal cancer), some begin in the lobules (lobular cancer), and the rest in other tissues.

Lymph vessels are like veins, except that they carry lymph fluid instead of blood. Lymph is a clear fluid that contains immune system cells and waste products. Most lymph vessels lead to small, bean-shaped collections of tissue called lymph nodes. Most lymph vessels of the breast lead to lymph nodes under the arm. These are called axillary (ax-uh-lair-ee) nodes.

If breast cancer cells reach the underarm lymph nodes and continue to grow, they cause the nodes to swell. Once cancer cells have reached these nodes they are more likely to spread to other organs of the body as well.

Use Easy FIVE POINT CODE For Breast Cancer Prevention

GUIDELINES FOR EARLY BREAST CANCER DETECTION

Mammogram: Women aged 40 and older should have a mammogram every year and should continue to do so for as long as they are in good health. While Mammogram can miss some cancers, it is still a very good way to find breast cancer.

Clinical breast examination: Women in their 20s and 30s should have a clinical breast exam (CBE) as part of a regular exam by a health expert, preferably every 3 years. After the age 40, women should have a CBE by a health expert every year. It might be a good idea to have the CBE shortly before the mammogram. You can use the exam to learn what your own breasts feel like.

Women at high risk: Women with a higher risk of breast cancer should talk with their doctor about the best approach for them. This might mean starting mammograms when they are younger, having extra tests, or having more frequent exams.

MAMMOGRAMS: A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast. This test is used to look for breast disease in women who appear to have no breast problems. It can also be used when women have symptoms such as those listed below.

Mammography MachineDuring a mammogram, the breast is pressed between 2 plates to flatten and spread the tissue. The pressure lasts only for a few seconds. Although this may cause some discomfort for a moment, it is needed to get a good picture. Very low levels of radiation are used. While many people are worried about exposure to x-rays, the low level of radiation used for mammograms does not significantly increase the risk of breast cancer. For example, one mammogram gives off roughly the same amount of radiation a person would get flying from New York to California on a jet plane.

For the mammogram, you undress above the waist. You will have a wrap to cover yourself. A technologist (most often a woman) will position your breast correctly for the test. The pressure lasts only a few seconds while the picture is taken. The whole procedure takes about 20 minutes. You will get your results on the spot in our Mobile Detection Unit.

About 1 in 10 women who get a mammogram will need more pictures to be taken, but most of these women do not have breast cancer, so don’t be alarmed if this happens to you. Only 1 or 2 mammograms of every 1,000 leads to a diagnosis of cancer.

Women with a higher risk of breast cancer should talk with their doctor about the best approach for them. They may benefit from starting mammograms when they are younger, having them more often, or having other tests. If you are at higher risk, your doctor might recommend ultrasound or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging).

CLINICAL BREAST EXAM : A clinical breast exam (CBE) is an exam of your breasts by a health expert such as a doctor, nurse practitioner, nurse, or physician assistant. For this exam, you undress from the waist up. The examiner will first look at your breasts for changes in size or shape. Then, using the pads of the fingers, she or he will gently feel your breasts for lumps. The area under both arms will also be examined. This is a good time to learn how to do breast self-exam if you don’t already know how.

SYMPTOMS OF BREAST CANCER : While the widespread use of screening mammograms has increased the number of breast cancers found before they cause any symptoms, some are still missed.

The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. A lump that is painless, hard, and has uneven edges is more likely to be cancer. But some cancers are tender, soft, and rounded. So it's important to have anything unusual checked by your doctor.

Other signs of breast cancer include the following:

  • A swelling of part of the breast
  • Skin irritation or dimpling
  • Nipple pain or the nipple turning inward
  • Redness or scaliness of the nipple or breast skin
  • A nipple discharge other than breast milk
  • A lump in the underarm area

Your Risk Report |Self Breast - Examination