KNOW BREAST CANCER

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, a newly inverted nipple, or a red or scaly patch of skin.

Genesis of Breast Cancer

It is difficult to explain why one woman gets Breast Cancer and another doesn’t. It is clear however that Breast Cancer is not contagious. It is not caused by bumping, bruising or touching the breast. Although it is not known exactly why Breast Cancer develops, however few “Risk Factors” have been identified.
Age: About 75 percent of all Breast Cancer are found in women over the age of 50. The disease is uncommon under the age of 30. It is quite rare under the age of 20.
Family History: The Risk of getting Breast Cancer doubles for a woman whose mother or sister has had the disease.
Other Risk Factors Include: First child birth after years, Spinster, First menstrual period at an early age/late menopause.

What Changes Should You Be Aware of?

You need to be aware of any changes that are new or different for you, such as:
A change in size it may be that one breast has become noticeably larger or noticeable lower
A nipple has become inverted (pulled in) or changed its position or shape
Discharge from one or both nipples
Puckering or dimpling of the skin
A swelling under your armpit of around your collarbone (where the lymph nodes are)
A lump or thickening in your breast that feels different from the rest of the breast tissue.
Constant pain in one part of your breast or in your armpit.

Guidelines For Early Breast Cancer Detection

Self Examination once a month after 20 years.
Clinical examination by family physician once a year.
X-Ray Mammography:
Base line at the age of 35 years.
Once in two year after 40 years.
Once in a year in “High Risk Woman” (i.e. Spinster, childless married woman, first child birth after 30 years, family history of breast cancer, obese woman.)
Once in a year after 50 years.

Being Breast Aware

Breast awareness is an important part of caring for your body. Being breast aware is about becoming familiar with your breasts and the way they change throughout your life. It means knowing how your breasts look and feel normally so that you feel confident about noticing any change that might be unusual for you.
Get into the habit of looking at and feeling your breasts from time to time. There is no set way to do this, and you don’t have to look and feel at the same time. Some women do it when they are dressing or undressing, bathing or showering, or applying body lotion. Some women use a mirror, some don’t. You can decide what you are comfortable with and when it is convenient for you. One thing that is important is to feel all parts of the breast, from high up on the front of your chest, down and around into your armpit.