What is cancer ?
Cancer is a disease that occurs when the cells of the body multiply in an uncontrolled manner creating a lump called a tumour. Tumours can be either benign or malignant.Cancer is the name given to a malignant tumour. Doctors can tell if a tumour is benign or malignant by examining a small sample of cells under a microscope. This is called a biopsy.
According to WHO, cancer is the second largest non-communicable disease, which accounts for 8.8 millions deaths every year, this is because of lack of awareness among people and they take health as a last priority.To mitigate this disease burden, we need to bring awareness in the community and detect the cases at an early stage, so tha t we could cure it completely with less expenditure in comparison of advanced cases, where the cost of treatment is very high and the chance of survival is less. Cancer is growing at an alarming rate; we emphasise upon awareness,screening and early detection of this noxcious disease.
The cancer rates are set to increase at an alarming rate globally. We can make a difference by taking action today. Globally, cancer accounts for one in eight of all death – more than AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combines.
Cancer rates could further increase by 50% to 15 million new cases in the year 2020, according to the World Cancer Report, the most comprehensive global examination of the disease to date. In the year 2000, malignant tumors were responsible for 12 per cent of the nearly 56 million deaths worldwide from all causes. In many countries, more than a quarter of deaths are attributable to cancer. In 2000, 5.3 million men and 4.7 million women developed a malignant tumor and altogether 6.2 million died from the disease. The report also reveals that cancer has emerged as a major public health problem in developing countries, matching its effect in industrialized nations.
Each year, over 12 million people receive a cancer diagnosis and 7.6 million die of the disease. But the good news is that experts estimate that 40% of cancers can be prevented if Detected Early.